Category Archives: Reports

Pilot Study Preliminary Report: “Got Clean Slate? New Study Suggests that Criminal Record Clearing May Increase Earnings”

Pilot Study Preliminary Report: Jeffrey Selbin & Justin McCrary, Got Clean Slate?  New Study Suggests that Criminal Record Clearing May Increase Earnings, SSRN Aug. 2014.  Abstract below: 

The more staggering impacts of the decades-long wars on crime and drugs are well-known. Almost seven million Americans – one in 35 adults – are incarcerated or under correctional supervision (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2013). As many as one in four adult Americans has a criminal record, mostly for arrests and misdemeanors (NELP, 2011). By age 23, almost half of all African American men, more than a third of white men, and almost one in eight women have been arrested (Brame, et al., 2014). Arrest, conviction and incarceration records create collateral consequences that too often serve as a lifelong obstacle to employment, education, housing, public benefits and civic participation (National Institute of Justice, 2013).

Perhaps spurred by these disturbing trends, public defender offices, civil legal aid providers and law school clinics have established “clean slate” programs to help people avail themselves of criminal record clearing remedies. Studies consistently find that people with criminal records have dramatically reduced job prospects and income. However, until now we have had only anecdotal evidence that clean slate programs improve employment outcomes or earnings for people with criminal records. Gainful employment is critical to successful reentry for the tens of millions of Americans with a criminal record because it has the potential to reduce recidivism and related social and economic consequences for individuals, families, neighborhoods and communities.

Through a retrospective study of clients served by the East Bay Community Law Center’s Clean Slate Clinic, we analyzed the impact of obtaining criminal record remedies on their subsequent earnings. To our knowledge, this study is the first quantitative assessment of whether clean slate programs improve reported earnings. Through econometric techniques to control for the effects of changes in the larger economy on earnings, we can report two preliminary findings: 

(1) People with criminal records seek clean slate legal remedies after a prolonged period of declining earnings. This finding has implications for the delivery of clean slate legal services to people with criminal records, including targeting earlier intervention to help prevent deteriorating economic circumstances.

(2) Evidence suggests that the clean slate legal intervention stems the decline in earnings and may even boost earnings. It is too early to tell if the boost is significant and sustained, but halting the decline in earnings suggests that the intervention makes a meaningful difference in people’s lives and is a key component of an effective community reentry strategy.

 

New Report: “Understanding Central American Migration: The Crisis of Central American Child Migrants in Context”

New Report: Manuel Orozco & Julia Yansura, Understanding Central American Migration: The Crisis of Central American Child Migrants in Context (Aug. 2014).  Abstract below:

There has been a sharp increase in the number of unaccompanied migrant children from Central America attempting to enter the United States in the past few years. This increase is also seen among adults, though to a lesser degree. As the United States, Mexico, and Central American countries struggle to address this crisis, debates have raged surrounding the humanitarian, legal, and political implications of any possible solution to this complex and troubling issue. This memo aims to inform the current debate by integrating data on issues triggering this outflow while also introducing the perspectives of the people and communities they affect. Specifically, it draws on data from 900 municipalities to analyze migrant hometowns in relation to human development,violence, and education.In addition, it presents the results of a nationwide survey in El Salvador and a survey of Central American migrants residing in the Washington, DC metropolitan area.

NOTE: for those who work on migration issues, I can’t recommend Manuel Orozco’s studies high enough — he is the guru of immigrant remittances and does lots of other work as well.  

New Issue of Stanford’s Pathways Magazine on “Jobs, Joblessness, and the New American Poverty”

New Issue of Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality’s Pathways Magazine on “Jobs, Joblessness, and the New American Poverty” (Summer 2014).  Contents below:

Table of Contents – Summer 2014

Editors’ Note by David Grusky, Charles Varner, and Michelle Poulin

Intervention

  •  Do Millionaires Migrate When Tax Rates Are Raised?
    Cristobal Young and Charles Varner
    The millionaire tax is all the rage. But New Jersey Governor Chris Christie warns us, “Ladies and gentlemen, if you tax them, they will leave.” Is he right?

Research in Brief

  • Research in Brief
    Michelle Poulin and Marybeth Mattingly
    The effects of the carework revolution on job polarization; new results on the mobility of the super-rich; and the best research to date on the Hispanic Health Paradox

Jobs, Joblessness, and the New American Poverty

Trends

 

New Report: “No Safe Place: The Criminalization of Homelessness in U.S. Cities”

NSPNew Report: National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty, No Safe Place: The Criminalization of Homelessness in U.S. Cities (2014).

New Report from the Shriver Center: “Poverty Scorecard 2013″

poverty-scorecard-2013-coverFrom the website:

The Poverty Scorecard measures how every member of the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives voted on what we have identified as the most significant poverty-related proposed legislation of 2013.

New Report: “New Developments in International Poverty Law: The UN Guiding Principles on Extreme Poverty and Human Rights”

New Report: Camilo Pérez-Bustillo, New Developments in International Poverty Law: The UN Guiding Principles on Extreme Poverty and Human Rights, CROP Poverty Brief, March 2014.

New Report: “The War on Poverty: 50 Years Later”

New Report: House Budget Committee, The War on Poverty: 50 Years Later (2014).

New Report: “State of the Union: The Poverty and Inequality Report 2014″

New Report: Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality, State of the Union: The Poverty and Inequality Report 2014 (Jan. 2014).

White House Report: “The War on Poverty 50 Years Later”

SealCouncil of Economic Advisers, The War on Poverty 50 Years Later: A Progress Report (Jan. 2014).

New Report: “Hunger and Homelessness Survey” from the U.S. Conference of Mayors

New Report: U.S. Conference of Mayors, “Hunger and Homelessness Survey“(2013) .

-Thanks to Francine Lipman for the heads up!