Category Archives: Reports

New Report: “Extending Temporary Protected Status for Honduras: Country Conditions and U.S. Legal Requirements”

New Report: Center for Latin American & Latino Studies (CLALS) at
American University et al., Extending Temporary Protected Status for Honduras: Country Conditions and U.S. Legal Requirements (Nov. 2017). Abstract below:

In January 1999, the U.S. government announced the designation of Honduras for Temporary Protected Status (TPS). This designation was premised on the significant disruptions and damage caused by Hurricane Mitch, which had ravaged Honduras in late October 1998. TPS for Honduras has been extended over the years, and the current period of designation is set to expire in early January 2018. In the current political moment, there is concern about whether this TPS designation will be extended once again.

This report provides a background on TPS, and also undertakes a detailed examination of the justifications offered over the years for extending TPS for Honduras. Each of these past extension decisions concluded, as required by the TPS statute, that Honduras is not able to adequately handle the return of its nationals who are residing in the U.S. with TPS. Our analysis reveals that the U.S. government has premised these past extension decisions on six categories of factors: climate and environment; economy; infrastructure; public health; safety and security; and governance.

The report proceeds to assess these same factors in present-day Honduras. Honduras remains extremely vulnerable to natural disasters, which have compromised the country’s infrastructure and stalled recovery efforts. Serious challenges persist for the Honduran economy, including high levels of unemployment and underemployment. Honduras also suffers from a severe shortage of housing, higher-than-average levels of food insecurity, and limited capacity in the health sector. Finally, the security situation in Honduras continues to deteriorate, fueling displacement, and placing strains on a government already weakened by corruption and impunity. These findings compel the conclusion that TPS for Honduras should be extended.

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New Report: “The 2017 Distressed Communities Index”

New Report: Economic Innovation Group, The 2017 Distressed Communities Index, 2017. There is also a great zip code explorer map tool that would be great to share with students (and use).

-Thanks to Billie Jo Kaufman for the heads up!

New Reports: “Income, Poverty and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2016”

New Report: U.S. Census Bureau, “Income, Poverty and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2016” (Released Sept. 12, 2017). Summary here. The Income and Poverty in the United States: 2016 Report is available here. The Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2016 Report is available here. Finally, The Supplemental Poverty Measure: 2016 Report is available here.

New Report: “What Is It Like to Apply for SNAP and Other Work Supports?”

New Report: Heather Hahn, Michael Katz, & Julia B. Isaacs, What Is It Like to Apply for SNAP and Other Work Supports?, Urban Institute, Aug. 2017. Abstract below:

Many working families are eligible for help with food, health insurance, and child care to support their families and stabilize their employment. Applying for support, though, can be confusing and time intensive, leaving some eligible families without key supports. This brief examines the experiences of clients applying for work supports: what they go through, what they care about, and how experiences differ for different clients. We find that state social service agencies and local social services office can help families access supports by using fast, efficient processes; offering a range of options for how to apply, including online systems; interacting with clients respectfully; and providing clear information on how to apply for and maintain supports.

Report: “The Justice Gap: Measuring the Unmet Civil Legal Needs of Low-income Americans”

Legal Services Corporation,”The Justice Gap: Measuring the Unmet Civil Legal Needs of Low-income Americans“, prepared by NORC at the University of Chicago for Legal Services Corporation. Washington, DC, 2017.

 

Report: “Economic Hardship, Racialized Concentrated Poverty, and the Challenges of Low-Wage Work: Charlotte, NC”

Report: Gene R. Nichol & Heather Hunt, Economic Hardship, Racialized Concentrated Poverty, and the Challenges of Low-Wage Work: Charlotte, NC“, NC Poverty Research Fund, Spring 2016.

New Report: “Ban the Box and Racial Discrimination: A Review of the Evidence and Policy Recommendations”

New Report: Christina Plerhoples & Stacy Mychal Cohen, Ban the Box and Racial Discrimination: A Review of the Evidence and Policy Recommendations (Urban Institute 2017).

New Report: “Moving to Work and Neighborhood Opportunity: A Scan of Mobility Initiatives by Moving to Work Public Housing Authorities”

New Report: Martha M. Galvez et al., Moving to Work and Neighborhood Opportunity: A Scan of Mobility Initiatives by Moving to Work Public Housing Authorities (Urban Institute 2017).

Report: “The Status of Black Women in The United States”

Report: “The Status of Black Women in The United States“, National Domestic Workers Alliance (2017).

New Pathways Issue: “State of the Union 2017”

SOTU_cover_smallNew Pathways : “State of the Union 2017” (Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality 2017). Table of contents below:

Executive Summary
Are our country’s policies for reducing racial and ethnic inequalities getting the job done? The simple answer: No.
Employment
Even after the recovery, 1 in 9 African Americans and 1 in 6 Hispanics fear a job loss within one year. Why?
Poverty
We remain two Americas: a high-poverty America for blacks, Hispanics, and Native Americans, and a (relatively) low-poverty America for whites and Asians.
Safety Net
The safety net, which is supposed to serve an equalizing function, sometimes works to exacerbate racial and ethnic inequalities within the low-income population.
Housing
Whereas 1 in 6 black and Hispanic households dedicate at least half of their income to housing costs, only 1 in 12 white households do. How did that happen?
Education
Between 1990 and 2015, average academic performance improved for students of all racial and ethnic groups, but grew fastest among black and Hispanic students. The result: White-black and white-Hispanic achievement gaps declined by 15 to 25 percent.
Incarceration
Did you think that all that talk about criminal justice reform has brought about a sea change in racial inequalities in incarceration? Think again.
Health
Large and persistent racial gaps in health are not the product of our genes but the consequences of our policies and history.
Earnings
Between 1970 and 2010, the earnings gap between whites and other groups has narrowed, but most of that decline was secured in the immediate aftermath of the Civil Rights Movement.
Wealth
African-Americans have less than 8 cents and Hispanics less than 10 cents of wealth for every dollar amassed by whites.
Intergenerational Mobility
The persistence of poverty has long been stronger for blacks than whites. However, beginning with generations that came of age in the mid-1960s, the white-black gap in the chance of escaping poverty has closed significantly.